The land size of Europe is roughly the same size as that of the United States of America. Europe (2002 data) consists of 44 countries combined for a total land mass of 3,837,081 square miles. The USA (2002 data; all 50 states) has a total land mass of 3,536,278 square miles. (Approximately 92.16% of Europe's total land mass.) However, if one is looking at just Western Europe, then the U.S. is roughly 2.5 times larger. The following table serves as an area comparison reference point for Americans:

2002 Country
2002 U.S. State
Area Country/State in Sq. Miles
France
California + Michigan
212,394/212,782 (155,973+56,809)
Spain
California + Indiana
192, 584/191,843 (155,973+35,870)
Germany
New Mexico + New Hampshire + Connecticut
134,910/135,179 (121,365+8,969+4,845)
Sweden
California
158,926/155,973
Norway
New Mexico
118,467/121,365
Finland
New Mexico or Arizona
117,610/121,365 or 113,642
Italy
Arizona
116,334/113,642
United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland)
Oregon
93,282/96,003
Ireland
West Virginia
26,598/24,087

Although this provides a good modern context for the reader, the political borders of the Middle Ages were different than the current ones. What follows is a rough estimate of the borders for use in roleplaying campaigns. (Note that period maps are of little use to the modern user due to difference in style and numerous innaccuracies. For period examples of maps, see Index of Early Medieval Maps)

Arable land (land fit for crops) is estimated to be (based on CIA factbook information):

France
33%
Spain
2%
Germany
34%
Sweden
7%
Norway
3%
Finland
7%
Itlay
28%
United Kingdom
26%
Ireland
20%
U.S.A.
19%

Western Europe
Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Vatican City

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